The world has been on high alert since the discovery of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). To date, the number of people who have been infected has surpassed the 100,000-mark. Fortunately, more people are recovering from this disease than are succumbing to it; however, preventing the further spread of COVID-19 is of the utmost importance, especially for those who are particularly vulnerable.
What do we know about COVID-19?
Very little is known about this new strain of the coronavirus. What is known is that transmission occurs between people who are in close contact with each other and via respiratory droplets, with an incubation period of 2-14 days. Symptoms include:
- Difficulty breathing
- Muscle pain
It may also be possible to get COVID-19 by touching a surface or item that has the virus and then touching your mouth, nose, or possibly eyes.
The World Health Organization strongly recommends the following activities to prevent the spread of the disease:
- Avoiding close contact with people who are sick
- Washing hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds
- Avoiding touching your eyes, nose and mouth
- Staying home when you are sick
- Covering your mouth when you cough or sneeze
- Cleaning and disinfecting frequently touched objects and surfaces
Sanitising Against COVID-19
Whilst there have been no germicide challenge tests completed for this strain of the coronavirus, it is known that this virus belongs to the family of enveloped virus, lipid or medium size viruses. These viruses are the least resistant to germicidal chemicals.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Iodine/Iodophor blends are predicted to be highly effective against the coronavirus when used according to usage guidelines.
In 2015, a study conducted to test the virucidal activity of Povidone-Iodine products against the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) and Modified Vaccinia Virus Ankara (MVA) found that PVP-I-based hand wash products for potentially contaminated skin, and PVP-I-gargle/mouthwash for reduction of viral load in the oral cavity and the oropharynx may help to support hygiene measures to prevent transmission of MERS-CoV.